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# In 2015 six labourers employed by a farmer prepared

### Question: In 2015 six labourers employed by a farmer prepared a piece of farmland for the cultivation of Irish…..

In 2015 six labourers employed by a farmer prepared a piece of farmland for the cultivation of Irish potatoes in ten days. In 2017, only four of the labourers were available to do the work due to rural-urban migration.

(i). Calculate the number of days it took the work to be done in 2017 in man days.

(ii). State two types of agricultural labour that is always available for production.

(iii). Mention two farm records where the information of labour services on the farm should be documented.

To calculate the number of days it took for the work to be done in 2017:

In 2015, six labourers completed the work in ten days. Let’s assume that the total work required to prepare the farmland is “W” units.

Work done in 2015 = W units
Number of labourers in 2015 = 6
Number of days in 2015 = 10

In 2017, only four labourers were available. Let’s assume the number of days it took to complete the work in 2017 is “d” days.

Work done in 2017 = W units
Number of labourers in 2017 = 4
Number of days in 2017 = t (to be determined)

Now, we know that the amount of work done in both years is the same (W units). Therefore, we can set up the following equation based on the work equation:

Work done in 2015 = Work done in 2017
6 labourers x 10 days = 4 labourers x d days

Now, solve for “d”:
6 x 10 = 4 x d
60 = 4d
d = 60 / 4
d = 15

Therefore, it took 15 days for the work to be done in 2017.

If 4 people worked together for 15 days, we can calculate the total work done in terms of man-days as:

Total work done = Number of people x Number of days
Total work done = 4 people x 15 days
Total work done = 60 man-days

So, if 4 people worked together for 15 days, the total work completed would be 60 man-days.

#### State two types of agricultural labour that is always available for production

(i) Family Labor
(ii) Hired or paid labour

#### Mention two farm records where the information of labour services on the farm should be documented.

(PICK ANY TWO)
(i) Labour Attendance Record
(ii) Labour Wage and Payment Record
(iii) Work Done Record
(iv) Safety and Health Record

#### List four marketing agents

(i) Wholesalers
(ii) Retailers
(iii) producers
(iv) cooperative societies

#### State six problems that extension workers commonly encounter in rural areas.

(i) Limited access to modern equipment and resources in rural areas hinder exytension workers in promoting new agricultural technologies or practices

(ii) High level of illiteracy among farmers may slow down the rate of adoption of new innovations

(iii) Poor infrastructure, such as bad roads and limited transportation, can hinder extension workers’ mobility and accessibility to remote rural communities.

(iv) Unfavourable attitude of rural farmers toward government programmes, makes adoption of new innovations difficult.

(v) Language barrier leads to improper dissemination of new innovations

(vi) Inadequate resources such as finance and materials tend to hinder his performance.

2023 NECO AGRIC QUESTION 9