WAEC 2020 Literature In English poetry & Drama Question & Answers

 

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WAEC Literatur Poetry & Drama Answers - 2020 May/June Exam
 
(4) Aloho comes in contact with her secondary school mate, Ochuole, who promises to secure a job for her by speaking with the Honourable Minister of External Relations, Chief Haladu Ade-Amaka, on her behalf. Ochuole keeps to her promise, and Aloho is offered a job as one of Chief’s protocol officers, not knowing that the job requires more than what she thinks. She is also unaware of the fact that Ochuole is being used by Chief to perpetrate criminal activities, especially drug trafficking. As regards this, Madam Hoha is not left out as her restaurant/hotel is the hideout for Chief’s criminal activities. As one of her hidden job descriptions, Aloho is given a package containing hard drugs to deliver in the United States of America. Having no idea of what is contained in the package, Aloho accepts the package from Chief Ade-Amaka wholeheartedly and subsequently gets arrested at the airport by drug law enforcement officers. Aloho is later released by the Judge and the prosecutors after collecting a huge sum of money from Chief. Upon her release, she discovers that she is pregnant by Chief and decides to abort the pregnancy after feeling being humiliated for having been used by Ochuole and Chief Ade-Amaka. Unfortunately, after several futile attempts to abort the pregnancy, Aloho dies after giving birth to the child. Ogeyi Ogar, Aloho’s true friend (whose pieces of advice she had turned down) is bent on having all those who used her friend punished. As a result, she reports Chief to the police. After an investigation initiated by ACP Yakubu and a careful examination of the legal issues in the illegal activities of Chief Ade-Amaka by the Judge of the Wasa High Court of Justice, Chief Ade-Amaka and his accomplices are found guilty. In the end, justice prevails as the all the corrupt public officers in the play have a harvest of the corrupt practices they’ve sown for years. SECTION B   (5) The character and role of Mrs. Johnson appears mostly for comic relief. She is a flat caricature of the nosy, jealous neighbor. However, Hansberry employs the Mrs. Johnson character in order to point out the explosive realities that await the Youngers for being the first blacks to move into Clybourne Park. Mrs. Johnson is insensitive and unkind, asking indelicate, overly nosy questions. At one point, she practically says outright that she is hoping that the Youngers’ new house will be bombed. Although her warnings are about a very real danger to the Youngers, Mrs. Johnson’s manner is so offensive that she appears almost ludicrous. In other words Mrs Johnson also help shave the ill treatment melted out to the coloured race by the white westerners she brings in a copy of newspaper which comes the report of a bomb being detonated in the territory of the negroes and which leads to the death of a number of negroes. She is the character through whom the reader get to know that only beneatha has a little of formal education. She also goes an insight into the nature of the jobs available for the negroes. the negrose are never satisfied with their jobs.
(10) The poet in the peom is not happy With what is going on his land but as an individual he has no power over what is going on in the society. He does not want to lose completely so he want something to be done about the old ways so that they will not be lost completely. He is pleading with the new generation to accommodate the old ways of life while behaving in the new norms he pleaded that the old culture be accommodate into the new culture so that they can interprets and practice the culture side by side. In doing this the poet doest condemn the new ways but he suggested that we should not abandon our ancestral culture practice and that instead of abandoning them we should accommodate both and blend together. He posit thus ” sew the old days for us, our fathers that we can wear them under our new garment… Make our self new flags and anthems while we left high the banner of our land.
SECTION B   NUMBER 6   Walter comes up with an idea to make his situation better. He dreams of opening a liquor store with one of his friends, because he feels it will allow him to make enough money to provide for the family and give him the power to be his own boss.   When Walter’s father dies and leaves behind a $10,000 life insurance check, he sees it as his chance to invest in the liquor store. The entire family is against the liquor store for different reasons. Walter’s mother is very religious and finds the idea of a liquor store to be sinful. His wife and sister simply don’t believe his friend can be trusted.   Since Walter’s mother is in control of the insurance check, she initially refuses to give him the money to invest in the liquor store.   Instead, she decides to use a chunk of it as a down payment for a house in a white neighborhood. This decision completely infuriates Walter. Feeling depressed because his family isn’t supporting his dream, Walter refuses to go to work and even stays out drinking for three days straight.
(NUMBER 9)   The choice of words of the poet is simple ,though some words like glade,shudder,grizzle,gut,bayonets and court can pose problem for an average reader to understand at a glance without his or her going to the dictionary. The poet’s selected use of words is highly contributory to the success of the poem. As a poem whose metaphorical import is very important to it’s appreciation, some words and phrases appear deliberately and approximately employed to help the effective delivery of its message. Some examples includes ”giant “, sabre-toothed “, shudder home”, bayonets of tribulation”, unceasing disaster” and so on. The word giant is employed to underscore the enormity of the size and might of the state. In a way, the word also provides suggestive information about the setting of the poem. It hints at the spatial settings being Nigeria because Nigeria is the country often referred to as “giant of Africa” due to her population size. The phrase “sabre-toothed recalls a kind of tiger with word sword-like teeth, which is meant to point at the possible effect of a bite or attack from such an animal or its metaphorical referent . While the phrase “bayonets of tribulation” similarly draws attention to the sharp-edged form of violence and other challenges faced by the commoners,”shudders home” comments on their intimidation. The word “unceasing” in “unceasing disaster” clearly emphasizes the despair attending the situation. The title word,Ambush ,on its part suggests the idea that the victims of the realities in the land are either caught unawares or the perpetrators carefully planned and carry out their designs as wished. The choice of animals used as metaphors for the land is also carefully made to reflect the three natural abodes of animals, ,land,sky and water. This suggests a total control of every space by the metaphorical referents
(5) The character and role of Mrs. Johnson appears mostly for comic relief. She is a flat caricature of the nosy, jealous neighbor. However, Hansberry employs the Mrs. Johnson character in order to point out the explosive realities that await the Youngers for being the first blacks to move into Clybourne Park. Mrs. Johnson is insensitive and unkind, asking indelicate, overly nosy questions. At one point, she practically says outright that she is hoping that the Youngers’ new house will be bombed. Although her warnings are about a very real danger to the Youngers, Mrs. Johnson’s manner is so offensive that she appears almost ludicrous. In other words Mrs Johnson also help shave the ill treatment melted out to the coloured race by the white westerners she brings in a copy of newspaper which comes the report of a bomb being detonated in the territory of the negroes and which leads to the death of a number of negroes. She is the character through whom the reader get to know that only beneatha has a little of formal education. She also goes an insight into the nature of the jobs available for the negroes. the negrose are never satisfied with their jobs. SECTION D   NUMBER 11   George Herbert (1593-1633) Said After God made this universe, he gathered all the blessings of the world in a glass and distributed them to the human beings one after another. First, he gave the strength, therefore human became strong enough to survive. One by one, god gave them the beauty, wisdom, honor, pleasure and many other blessings. When almost all was gone, God kept ‘rest’ at the bottom of the glass, thinking that ‘both should losers be’ if the ‘rest’ is given. When they get all they want, in the sense of sufficiency, they may forget God. On one hand, when human beings get rest, they forget god and take a rest. As a result, god will lose the love and affection of human beings. On the other hand, when rest is given, people will lose strength, honor, wisdom and beauty and all other human capacities. God knows the man is by birth prone to lethargy. They will get rest at the cost of the progress. Progress and the rest never come together. We get one losing the other. God is sure that man will only praise the things God has given to them not the god himself. Mankind will lose their essence, get tired and wander in search of rest.   In the concluding part of the poem, Herbert gives two reasons behind human going to god. First, they will go to God out of the goodness, faith or divine emotions and inborn loyalty for him. Secondly, if they do not go to god out of the first cause, they will go to him when they are tired. Weariness takes human beings to the shadow of god. So, the God decides to keep the mankind away from the rest so as to make him feel the eternal rest can only be found in God. For the sake of the rest, at least man will remember to god and go to him for his love and rest. The repining restlessness or the discontentment with the worldly things will finally lead a man to god. He wanted man to discover the real rest only in Him. He alone can truly give the mankind the rest they frantically seek. (12) The image of the caged bird was used as a metaphorical expression to represent the classroom of which the bird was the bird that was caged. The poet used the expression to imply that the buy was like a bird that was caged and denied it’s freedom to move around to do what it likes. The image of the caged bird explain the experiences of the boy. He hacked the freedom he desires and he is restricted to a certain schedule. The poet compares formal education as a prison yard and simplifies this by comparing the school system as a sort of a birds in a cage. Birds are born to enjoy flying gleefully and freely and perching on trees as they sing delightful sings/tones. The restricted bird in a cage looses all of these. Similarly, in the school system where children are restricted and have no chance to make fun with the natural environment as they would naturally want is nothing better than a cage bird. Their youthful life destroyed by fear and has no choice other than to drop their tender wings in total lamentation.  

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