Waec 2020/2021 Civic Education Question & Answers Now Available

 


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WAEC Civic Education Answers – 2020 May/June Exam


COMPLETED

 

CIVIC OBJ:

1-10: BADCBAADAC

11-20: BACCDACCCC

21-30: CCBBBCCDCB

31-40: ADBCDBBCCD

41-50: ACADDCBDCB


1a)

Citizenship education is an education that empower individuals to understand their rights and to be responsible, respectful, and participatory.

 

(1b)

(i)Allowing Citizens To Contribute For Common Good

(ii)Being Civil Competencies

(iii)Creating Freedom Awareness Among Citizens

(iv)Knowing Of One’s Constitutional Rights

(v)Ensuring Equality Of Citizens

(vi)Understanding The Truth

 About Citizenship

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USE THIS

 

(2a)

(i) Positive role Model

(ii) Academic Support

(iii) A Sense of Humour 

(iv) Attunement

(v) Moral and spiritual responsibility

(vi) Love

 

(2b)

(i)Supporting them in their endeavours

(ii)Assigning them to age-appropriate tasks to teach responsibility

(iii)Disciplining them firmly

(iv)Teaching them empathy,compassion’s and other similar values through role play.

(v)Give Them Sound Educational Background and how to practice religion.


(3a)

Inter communal relationship is a relationship which exist between two or more communities. One of the major objectives of the Government is to ensure that the Government is close to the members of the community and provide a forum where local people can defend themselves and also develop their local communities.

 

(3b) 

(i) Provision of political development:- A good and positive inter communal relationship helps to promote political development of different kinds and ensures that concerned communities participate in issue related to the development of the community. 

 

(ii) Promotion of peace and unity:- A positive inter communal relationship will help to promote peace and unity in the community.

 

(iii) Enhancement of security:- It ensures stable and standby security consciousness in the community. It will help to remove fear of violence, war or any kind of between communities. 

 

(iv) Promotion of tribal Marriage:- When there is a good relationship between different communities, it becomes easy for communal/tribal marriage to take place. Positive inter-communal relationship will enhance willingness for the communities to give out their sons and daughters to others from another tribe. 

 

(v) Promotion of economic Progress:- A responsible and positive inter-communal relationship will enhance peaceful atmosphere and strategies for each other or each other business like inter marketing strategies etc.

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(4)

(i)Counseling in the school and at home

 

(iiGood teacher/student relationship

 

(iii)Parents should endeavour to observe and know the person or friends their children moves with

 

(iv)Visitation of parents to school to be aware about the activities of their children

 

(v)Good school allows for proper monitoring of students

 

(vi)The Frear of God is beginning of wisdom; efforts should be made at home , peers and the entire community to inculcate the fear of God into youths

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(5)

(i) Report missing persons to security agencies as soon as possible

(ii) Educate the vulnerable younger citizens on the various tactics traffickers employ.

(iii) Organize awareness campaigns and demonstrations against human trafficking.

(iv) Encourage their representatives in national and state assemblies to legislate better immigration laws and penalties for offenders.

(v) Powerful individuals like monarchs should use their traditional offices to strongly warn against trafficking in their jurisdictions such as the example set by the reigning Oba of Benin, Oba Eredieuwa, who issued a stern warning and placed a curse on traffickers, resulted in reduced trafficking among his people.

 

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(7a) 

The pillars of democracy refer to the intellectual foundations that support the philosophy of democracy. With knowledge of the pillars then a person can predict additional features that should be used in a practical application of the theory of democracy. It is even possible to propose new features based on rational extensions as implied by the foundations.

 

(7b) 

The principle of political control of armed forces as we know it today is rooted in the concept of a representative democracy. It refers to the supremacy of civilian institutions, based on popular sovereignty, over the de-fense and security policy-making apparatus, including the military leadership.

(7c) 

 

(i)Freedom from prior restraint

on the press or arbitrary

punishment for whatever is

published.

 

(ii) The right for everyone with the

means to establish press

outlets and to jealously

protect news sources.

 

(iii) The principle that any

restrictions on press freedom

must be applied or subject to

review by a competent court

and the court alone has the

right to impose penalties on

unprofessional conduct.

 

(iv) The prohibition of all forms of

government interference on

the press in the forms of

censorship or similar prior

restraint.

 

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NO 8.

 

1. Political Apathy threatens Democratic dispensation – When a politician wins an election in a high voter apathy political election, such a winner wins with a minority vote. Such a vote doesn’t give the winner confidence that s/he is a popular political representative in a given area.

 

2. Elections are not representative – Results of elections are supposed to be based on majority feelings. With political apathy, such is difficult.

 

3. Political Apathy hinders good governance and decision making – When elected political leaders win with a minority vote, such leaders feel reluctant to mobilise majority citizens in the area who might not have voted for him or her. As a result, such political leaders fail to organise good governance or community development related meetings in local communities as most of the residents might not be coming to such meetings as they feel that the political representative concerned is not a leader of their choice; and is not popular in the area.

 

4. Political Apathy retards community and national developmental processes. instead of a political leader to concentrate on spending more time facilitating development related projects, he or she might spend more time justifying that he or she is current ward councilor, member of parliament or a current president.

 

5. Another major cause of high voter apathy is that most politicians don’t perform to the expectations of the electorate.

 

6. High voter apathy is a vote of no confidence in political representatives as most citizens feel there is little or nothing they benefit from spending time and energy voting for someone who might benefit more from politics while a voter gets poor and poorer every year.

 

7. With political apathy, most elected political leaders at whatever level of political representation rarely or never go back to their respective areas to consult and work with the electorate on local community or national socio-economic needs and challenges.

 

8. Increased high voter apathy can erode checks and balances, accountability, rule of law, etc; this leads to bad governance.


(9a)

(i)Problem solving: Civil society is a dedicated and committed problem-solver, but it seems clear that it needs to step up its efforts to adapt to a new reality of rapidly changing interconnected problems.

 

(ii)High ambitions and high expectations : The workload of civil society organizations has increased in the past few years, and with more work comes more responsibility and the need to manage expectations.

 

(iii)Difficult legislative and operational environment Across the globe, the general trend towards more restrictive regulatory measures, increased controls, and funding restrictions by governments is unquestionably making it more challenging for certain civil society institutions to carry out their activities.

 

(iv)Reworking the relationship with the private sector: Meanwhile, businesses have become more visibly engaged with the social and environmental agenda.

 

(9b)

(i)Bad limited resources

(ii)Bad leadership

(iii)Bad restricted participation


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