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Neco 2021/2022 Marketing Obj & Theory Question and Answers Verified Expo

Neco 2020  Marketing Question and Answers Now Posted


 

Marketing-Obj!
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NECO 2020 MARKETING ANSWERS

2020 NECO MARKETING VERIFIED ANSWERS
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Theory:

(1)
(i)Customers
(ii)Competition
(iii)Suppliers
(iv)Resellers
(v)Technological

(i)Customers; The success of marketing strategy also depends on the customers of company’s product. The nature of customer such as b2c, b2b, international or local and the reason for buying the product will play a role in establishing the marketing strategy of company and how they approach the customers and serve them. The satisfaction of general public is a duty of organization.

(ii)Competition; Market competition exists when two or more firms sell same or similar products and services. The companies must take into account the way they approach the customers and sell their products to the customer, what price and product differentiation they have for their customer. These factors can be taken into account to get edge over their competitors.

(iii)Suppliers;Business success depends on the suppliers when they enjoy an authority. The supplier of a company holds the power when they are the only one in the market or when they are the largest supplier of the goods. The buyer is not essential to the suppliers business, as the supplier’s good is the core ingredient of the finished product of buyer.

(iv)Resellers; The success of companies marketing strategy also depends on resellers if the finished goods of a company is taken to market by market intermediaries or any other third party. These forces include wholesaler, retailers etc. For example, If the retail seller holds a reputable name in the market then their reputation can impact the marketing of company’s product.

(v)Technological; The organization must consider the technological factors as the knowledge and skills used in production of goods. The technology and materials used in production of goods and services helps in smoothing the process of business.

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(2a)
Marketing refers to activities a company undertakes to promote the buying or selling of a product or service. Marketing includes advertising, selling, and delivering products to consumers or other businesses. In other words Some marketing is done by affiliates on behalf of a company. And it can be used to describe efforts to produce, promote, package, and reclaim products in a manner that is sensitive or responsive.

(2b)
(i)Outbound Marketing
(ii)Inbound Marketing
(iii)Online Marketing
(iv)Offline Marketing

(i)Outbound Marketing; Outbound marketing, also referred to as traditional marketing, has been the most common approach for businesses in the past. Outbound marketing includes tactics such as cold calling, cold mailing, tv ads, etc. This strategy typically sees less return-on-investment or ROI due to the lack of context for the customer.

(ii)Inbound Marketing;Inbound marketing is a relatively new tactic that was brought to life largely by HubSpot. Inbound marketing is based off of the concept of attracting business by being helpful and relevant to your audience rather than being interruptive. Inbound marketing makes use of tactics like email marketing, content marketing, search engine optimization etc.

(iii)Online Marketing; refers to any of the various marketing strategies that a business may use to promote themselves on the internet. Online marketing, sometimes referred to as digital marketing, is a fairly catch-all term and includes web tactics such as social media marketing, search engine marketing, blogging, and more.

(iv)Offline Marketing; refers to any marketing strategy a business uses outside of the internet. This marketing type contains more of the traditional, or outbound, marketing tactics. With offline marketing, businesses will use platforms like television, radio, word-of-mouth, mail, flyers, and more. This type of marketing doesn’t have nearly the reach as online marketing but like any marketing strategy, can still be a viable option depending on the situation, who you are trying to reach, and what you are trying to accomplish.

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(3i)
situational analysis; is the potential customers, evaluates projected growth, assesses competitors and makes a realistic assessment of your business. It involves targeting the specific objectives in the business and identifying the factors that support or hinder those objectives. In other words is a set of methods used to thoroughly examine both internal and external factors of any business and their impacts

(3ii)
Marketing objectives; are a brand’s defined goals. They outline the intentions of the marketing team, provide clear direction for team members to follow, and offer information for executives to review and support. Marketing objectives are a pivotal part of a marketing strategy.

(3iii)
marketing strategy; refers to a business’s overall game plan for reaching prospective consumers and turning them into customers of the products or services the business provides. A marketing strategy contains the company’s value proposition, key brand messaging, data on target customer demographics, and other high-level elements. In other words it specific on the types of marketing activities a company conducts and contains timetables for rolling out various marketing initiatives.

(3iv)
Budget; is an estimation of revenue and expenses over a specified future period of time and is usually compiled and re-evaluated on a periodic basis. Budgets can be made for a person, a group of people, a business, a government, or just about anything else that makes and spends money. in other words is a financial document used to project future income and expenses.

(3v)
marketing plan is a detailed road map that outlines your marketing strategies, tactics, costs and projected results over a period of time. In other words marketing plan contains a list of actions, without a sound strategic foundation, it is of little use to a business. And is an operational document that outlines an advertising strategy that an organization will implement to generate leads and reach its target market.

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(4a)
promotion refers to any type of marketing communication used to inform or persuade target audiences of the relative merits of a product, service, brand or issue. … The aim of promotion is to increase awareness, create interest, generate sales or create brand loyalty.

(4b)
(i)Advertising
(ii)Public Relations
(iii)Sales Promotion
(iv)Public Relations

(i)Advertising; is any form of impersonal (one-way) paid communication in which the company is identified. Fun Town realized that it needed to have a good advertising campaign because this would allow the company to reach a large number of people effectively. Fun Town used television, radio, newspaper, social media and Internet ads to introduce the target market to a grand opening of the amusement park. The park also used giant billboards and e-mails to reach other local customers.

(ii)Public Relations; it helps build a positive public image for a company, supports new product launches and sales, helps a company to evaluate public attitudes and communicates the overall goals of the company. Fun Town has multiple days throughout the year where they donate a percentage of ticket sales to local charities. They also have days where they close the park down and invite disadvantaged youths to enjoy the rides for free.

(iii)Sales Promotion; is another tool in the promotional mix. It contains methods of stimulating consumer purchase and is usually based on a short-term or immediate goal. Examples of sales promotion items are contests, sweepstakes, giveaways, free samples or coupons. Fun Town has invested heavily in sales promotion. They have had contests, like the first 1,000 people in the park would get a prize. They also had giveaways of free Fun Town water bottles, t-shirts, hats and canvas bags.

(iv)Public Relations; Most firms in today’s environment are also concerned about the effect of their actions on people outside their target markets although it may include them. It is a planned effort by an organization to influence the attitudes and opinions of a specific group by developing a long term relationship. The target may be customers, stock holders, a government agency or a special interest group.

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(6i)
Service product; is when a business offers a service and a product or a good together as its practice. This is also called service-good mix, and it can refer to many different types of businesses in all different industries. in other words it takes place in inter-action between the customer and service employees and/or physical resources or goods and/or systems of the service provider,

(6ii)
Consumer product; also referred to as final goods, are products that are bought by individuals or households for personal use. In other words, consumer products are goods that are bought for consumption by the average consumer. From a marketing perspective, there are four types of consumer products, each with different marketing considerations.

(6iii)
Shopping product; refer to items that the consumers purchase less frequently and compare with available alternatives in the market. Consumers need time, planning and efforts to take the final decision whether to buy the product or not. In other words Consumers don’t buy these products very often but whenever buy they keep in mind different consideration like cost, time and efforts to take the final decision.

(6iv)
Industrial product; the goods are based on the demand for the consumer goods they help to produce. Industrial product are classified as either production goods or support goods. In other words higher purchase value Industrial product typically come with a higher price tag because of their complex nature and limited target market.

(6v)
unsought product; is a product of which consumers are unaware or are not that interested in actively pursuing for purchase. A high degree of marketing, including heavy advertising and aggressive sales techniques, is often necessary due to consumer unawareness of the product or no real desire to purchase it.
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(9a)

Transportation is a means of moving goods and people from one location to the other. In marketing, it involves the movement of goods from the place of production to the place of consumption. Goods can be moved from the factories to the wholesalers and to the retailers where the consumers come to buy them.

 

(9b).

9b.
Advantages
I. Door to Door Service:
Road transport provides door to door service. So it is more beneficial.

II. Employment:
Road transport provides employment to many persons directly and indirectly.

III. Helpful in Production of Perishable Goods:
Road transport is helpful in production of perishable goods as it facilitates the distribution of perishable goods from point of production to point of consumption.

DISADVANTAGES

I. Frequent Accidents:Road transport system is dotted with frequent accidents. According to an estimate, there are large number of deaths due to road accidents. So it is not safer mode of transport

II. Inadequate Roads:
Most of the roads are in bad shape and are inadequate. There are only 34 km long roads per 100 sq. km area in India while in Japan 270 km roads per 100 sq. km.
III. *Rising Cost of Petrol and Diesel:* Due to high prices of petroleum products and diesel, operational costs of road transport are rising and making the mode of transport more costlier.

(9c).

i. Nature of goods

ii. Speed

iii. Handling

iv. Availability

V. Cost

Choose any 3

 

EXPLANATION

 

I. COST: cost is one of the most important factor that determine the selling price of a product. As you considered your products, you need to consider your profit as well. Of you cannot afford the to transport your goods by air then don’t bother doing it; try transporting them by road or ship instead.

II. AVAILABILITY: some mode of transport are not available in some areas.

III. SPEED: some types of product, such as perishable goods, need to reach the customer quickly; in such circumstances, a quick plane journey may be preferable to a long sea voyage.

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GOOD LUCK

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