NECO 2020 ISLAMIC STUDIES ANSWERS
Bismi l-lāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm(i)
ﺇِﻧَّﺂ ﺃَﻋْﻄَﻴْﻨَٰﻚَ ﭐﻟْﻜَﻮْﺛَﺮَ
(i) innā ’a‘ṭaynāka l-kawthar(a)
ﻓَﺼَﻞِّ ﻟِﺮَﺑِّﻚَ ﻭَﭐﻧْﺤَﺮْ
(ii) Faṣalli lirabbika wanhar
ﺇِﻥَّ ﺷَﺎﻧِﺌَﻚَ ﻫُﻮَ ﭐﻟْﺄَﺑْﺘَﺮُ
(iii) inna shāni’aka huwa l-’abtar(u)
(i)Allāh gifted His Messenger (S.A.W) an abundance of good.
(ii)You should always be grateful to Allāh, for everything that He continues to bless you with.
(iii)Never underestimate Allāh, especially when it comes to defending the honour and dignity of His Messenger (S.A.W)
Revelation involves the ‘revealing’ of truth and, for many religions, is an important part of learning about God. For Muslims, the Qur’an is the most important source of revelation.
(i)Behind a veil:-This means talking direct to someone but while not seeing one another. Example; Prophet Musa talked to God direct at Mount Sinai when he was told to remove his shoes and when he was being given the Ten Commandments.
(ii)Through inspiration:-The powers to do good or have ideas as from God. It can be a command or a prohibitation or an explanation. Example; When Prophet Muhammad was commanded by Allah to go and assist the Quaraysh to return the black stone after renovation of the Qaabah.
(iii)Dream or vision:-receiving a religious experience/Dream while sleeping. Example: Prophet Ibrahim dreamt that he was being ordered by Allah to slaughter his son Ishmael
(i)The words of the Prophet (S. A. W)
(ii)Cannot be recited in sallah
(iii)Gives us extra details about the forms of worship we are to do that is not in the Quran.
(i)The Words of Allah
(ii)It is used in sallah
(iii)In Rhythmical form
(i)The Hadith is the exegesis of the Qur’an
(ii)it encourages Seeking the companionship of the Prophet
(iii)It serves a source of Shari’ah
Talaq refers to the husband’s right to dissolve the marriage by simply announcing to his wife that he repudiates her.
(i)Talaq-e-Ahsan: is the most ideal way of dissolving a marriage. ‘Ahsan’ means best or most proper. Under Talaq-e-Ahsan, the husband must pronounce divorce in a single sentence when the wife is in a state of ‘purity’, that is menstruating. The wife has to observe a period of iddat, a period of waiting and abstinence, after talaq is pronounced.
(ii)TalaqHasan: is a ‘proper’ way to divorce but not as good as Ahsan, the husband pronounces talaq three times spread over three monthly courses. After the first pronouncement of divorce, if there is resumption of cohabitation within a period of one month, the pronouncement of divorce is treated as having been revoked.
(iii)Talaq -biddat: which was banned by the Supreme Court in August, is considered undesirable and a ‘sinful’ in Islam, yet considered valid under Sharia law. This kind of instant divorce is not the norm within Islam, but a rarity. Biddat means sinful innovation this form was introduced by Ommeyad kings in order to circumvent the law.
Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Zakariya Al Razi was born in Al Rayy, a town on the southern slopes of El Burz mountains near present-day Tehran. His early interests were in music. He then started studying alchemy and philosophy. At the age of thirty, he stopped his work and experiments in alchemy due to eye irritation by chemical compounds he was exposed to. Among his discoveries in alchemy, he is credited with the discovery of sulfuric acid and ethanol. His teacher in medicine was Ali Ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, a physician and philosopher born to a Jewish family in Merv, Tabaristan of modern today Iran. Ibn Rabban converted to Islam during the rule of the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mu’tasim who took him into the service of the court, in which he continued under the Caliph Al-Mutawakkil. Al- Razi studied medicine and probably also philosophy with Ibn Rabban. Therefore, his interest in spiritual philosophy can be traced to this master. Al Razi quickly surpassed his teacher, and became a famous physician. He was appointed as director of the hospital of his hometown Al Rayy during the reign of Mansur Ibn Ishaq Ibn Ahmad Ibn Asad of the Samanian dynasty. Al Razi’s fame reached to the capital of the Abbasids. He was called upon by Caliph Al Muktafi to be the chief director of the largest hospital in Baghdad. Al Razi is attributed with a remarkable method for selecting the site of a new hospital. When the Chief Minister of Al Muktafi, named Adhud Al Daullah, requested him to build a new hospital, he had pieces of fresh meat placed in various areas of Baghdad. A few days later, he checked the pieces, and he selected the area where the least rotten piece was found, stating that the “air” was cleaner and healthier there.
NECO 2020 CRS-Obj
One day, Samuel told Saul, The Lord had me choose you to be king of his people, Israel. Now listen to this message from the Lord: “When the Israelites were on their way out of Egypt, the nation of Amalek attacked them. I am the Lord All-Powerful, and now I am going to make Amalek pay! “Go and attack the Amalekites! Destroy them and all their possessions. Don’t have any pity. Kill their men, women, children, and even their babies. Slaughter their cattle, sheep, camels, and donkeys.” Saul sent messengers who told every town and village to send men to join the army at Telaim. There were two hundred ten thousand troops in all, and ten thousand of these were from Judah. Saul organized them, then led them to a valley near one of the towns in[a] Amalek, where they got ready to make a surprise attack. Some Kenites lived nearby, and Saul told them, “Your people were kind to our nation when we left Egypt, and I don’t want you to get killed when I wipe out the Amalekites. Leave here and stay away from them.” The Kenites left, and Saul attacked the Amalekites from Havilah to Shur, which is just east of Egypt. Every Amalekite was killed except King Agag. Saul and his army let Agag live, and they also spared the best sheep and cattle. They didn’t want to destroy anything of value, so they only killed the animals that were worthless or weak.
(i)many fell dead, all the Israelites were forced to flee, and Saul’s army along with his sons were killed.
(ii)He no longer had the Lord’s protection and Philistine arrows found him.
(iii)Saul asked his armor bearer to kill him. When the armor bearer declined out of fear, Saul killed himself.
On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, the women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb. They found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. While they were wondering about this, suddenly two men in clothes that gleamed like lightning stood beside them. In their fright the women bowed down with their faces to the ground, but the men said to them, “Why do you look for the living among the dead? He is not here; he has risen! Remember how he told you, while he was still with you in Galilee. ‘The Son of Man must be delivered over to the hands of sinners, be crucified and on the third day be raised again.’ ” Then they remembered his words. When they came back from the tomb, they told all these things to the Eleven and to all the others. It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the others with them who told this to the apostles. But they did not believe the women, because their words seemed to them like nonsense. Peter, however, got up and ran to the tomb. Bending over, he saw the strips of linen lying by themselves, and he went away, wondering to himself what had happened.
(i)Despair is never an option
(ii)Sin can be overcome
(iii)Renewal is available
Teaching About Almsgiving: But take care not to perform righteous deeds in order that people may see them; otherwise, you will have no recompense from your heavenly Father. When you give alms, do not blow a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets to win the praise of others. Amen, I say to you, they have received their reward. But when you give alms, do not let your left hand know what your right is doing, so that your almsgiving may be secret. And your Father who sees in secret will repay you.
Teaching About Prayer: “When you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, who love to stand and pray in the synagogues and on street corners so that others may see them. Amen, I say to you, they have received their reward. But when you pray, go to your inner room, close the door, and pray to your Father in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will repay you. In praying, do not babble like the pagans, who think that they will be heard because of their many words. Do not be like them. Your Father knows what you need before you ask him.
Teaching About Fasting: “When you fast, do not look gloomy like the hypocrites. They neglect their appearance, so that they may appear to others to be fasting. Amen, I say to you, they have received their reward. But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, so that you may not appear to others to be fasting, except to your Father who is hidden. And your Father who sees what is hidden will repay you.
Paul deal with the issue of resurrection by teaching that Christ has been raised from the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? If there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised. And if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith. More than that, we are then found to be false witnesses about God, for we have testified about God that he raised Christ from the dead. But he did not raise him if in fact the dead are not raised. For if the dead are not raised, then Christ has not been raised either. And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins.Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ are lost. If only for this life we have hope in Christ, we are of all people most to be pitied. But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have fallen asleep. For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man. For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive. But each in turn: Christ, the first fruits; then, when he comes, those who belong to him. Then the end will come, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father after he has destroyed all dominion, authority and power. For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet. The last enemy to be destroyed is death. For he “has put everything under his feet.” Now when it says that “everything” has been put under him, it is clear that this does not include God himself, who put everything under Christ. When he has done this, then the Son himself will be made subject to him who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all. Now if there is no resurrection, what will those do who are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why are people baptized for them? And as for us, why do we endanger ourselves every hour? I face death every day yes, just as surely as I boast about you in Christ Jesus our Lord. If I fought wild beasts in Ephesus with no more than human hopes, what have I gained? If the dead are not raised, “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.” that how Paul deal with resurrection.
(i)The resurrection is victory over sin
(ii)Gift of eternal life
(iii)Daily victory through resurrection power
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