Fast & Easy Contact
zamgist
08023429251
zamgist
08023429251

Biology Specimen for WAEC 2024 and Answer

Are you an examination officer, tutorial master, teacher, or a student in search of the verified Bbiology specimen for waec 2024 and answer? Look no further, as Zamgist has you covered!

On this page, we are delighted to provide you with the complete and verified WAEC Biology specimen for the upcoming 2024 examination.

With our comprehensive collection, you can ensure accurate preparation and excel in your studies.

Biology specimen for WAEC 2024

(a) Each candidate should be provided with the following groups of specimens:

Specimen A: Mature fresh eggs of catfish

Specimen B: Fresh egg of domestic fowl (raw, with shell intact)

Specimen C: Picture/model/chart of uterus containing a foetus

Specimen D: Longitudinal section of ovary of Pride of Barbados flower.

Specimen E: Leaf of Pride of Barbados

Specimen F: Panicum plant/Guinea grass (whole plant)

Specimen G: Cocoyam plant/Caladium plant (whole plant)

Specimen H: Corm of cocoyam

Specimen J: Dry humus in a beaker

Specimen K: Moist humus in a beaker

Specimen L: Ripe orange fruit (whole)

Specimen M: Longitudinal section of coconut fruit

Specimen N: Longitudinal section of fresh chilli pepper fruit.

Biology Specimen for WAEC 2024 In Table

Specimen Description
A Mature fresh eggs of catfish
B Fresh egg of domestic fowl (raw, with shell intact)
C Picture/model/chart of uterus containing a foetus
D Longitudinal section of ovary of Pride of Barbados flower
E Leaf of Pride of Barbados
F Panicum plant/Guinea grass (whole plant)
G Cocoyam plant/Caladium plant (whole plant)
H Corm of cocoyam
J Dry humus in a beaker
K Moist humus in a beaker
L Ripe orange fruit (whole)
M Longitudinal section of coconut fruit
N Longitudinal section of fresh chilli pepper fruit

 

Also Read: WAEC Chemistry specimen 2024

2024 WAEC Biology Specimen Images

Biology specimen for WAEC 2024

 

Biology specimen for WAEC 2024

 

Biology specimen for WAEC 2024

Each candidate should be provided with the following materials:

  • Hand lens/magnifying lens
  • Scalpel/razor blade/knife
  • Pair of forceps
  • Hand gloves
  • Spatula
  • Petri dish
  • Fehling’s solutions A and B
  • Iodine solution

NB:

(i) All specimens can be provided as group specimens for five (5) to ten (10) candidates.

(ii) All specimens must carry individual labels (e.g., A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, and N).

(b) It is essential that each candidate should be provided with the following materials:

  • Hand lens/magnifying lens
  • Scalpel/razor blade/knife
  • Pair of forceps
  • Hand gloves
  • Spatula
  • Petri dish
  • Fehling’s solutions A and B
    Iodine solution.

YOU MAY LIKE: 

Observable Features of Mature Egg of Catfish WAEC

Similarities between catfish egg and domestic fowl egg

Difference between pride of barbados and guinea grass

Area of concentration for Biology WAEC 2024

Instructions to Schools:

Great care should be taken to ensure that the information given below does not reach the candidates either directly or indirectly before the examination.

Each candidate should be instructed to bring to the examination room:
(a) sharpened drawing pencils (preferably 2B) at least 15 cm long;
(b) an eraser;
(c) a ruler.

REPORT FORM

4. Report Forms are provided separately on which you are required to:

(a) supply the necessary information about the specimens;

(b) report on any difficulty in the conduct of the examination;

(c) report any particular difficulty experienced by any candidate during the conduct of the examination, especially if the examiner would be unable to discover these from the scripts;

(d)carry out and record experimental observations as directed in the Report Form.

5.You must enclose a completed Report Fomi in each envelope of seripts.

JOIN OUR TELEGRAM GROUP

Biology Specimen for WAEC 2024 and Answer

Importance of Biology Specimen for WAEC 2024

The biology specimen for WAEC 2024 plays a vital role in assessing the practical knowledge and understanding of candidates. These specimens are carefully selected to cover various aspects of the biology curriculum and provide candidates with hands-on experience. In this article, we will explore the different specimens for the WAEC 2023 biology examination and their significance. By understanding the characteristics and practical applications of each specimen, candidates can better prepare for the examination and enhance their overall performance.

Specimen A: Mature fresh eggs of catfish

Mature fresh eggs of catfish are one of the specimens included in the WAEC 2023 biology examination. These eggs serve as a representative sample to study the reproductive system of fish. They are usually obtained from mature female catfish during their breeding season. The eggs are spherical and have a gel-like outer covering.

Practical Applications

Studying the mature fresh eggs of catfish allows candidates to:

  • Identify the different stages of embryonic development.
  • Understand the process of fertilization and embryogenesis.
  • Learn about the adaptations and reproductive strategies of fish.

Specimen B: Fresh egg of domestic fowl (raw, with shell intact)

The fresh egg of a domestic fowl is another important specimen provided in the biology examination. This specimen represents the reproductive system of birds. It consists of an outer shell, albumen (egg white), and a yolk containing various nutrients.

Practical Applications

Studying the fresh egg of a domestic fowl enables candidates to:

  • Examine the external and internal structures of an egg.
  • Understand the process of egg formation and ovulation in birds.
  • Investigate the nutritional composition of eggs and their importance in avian development.
  • Learn about the adaptations and reproductive strategies of birds.

Specimen C: Picture/model/chart of uterus containing a foetus

The picture, model, or chart of a uterus containing a foetus provides candidates with a visual representation of the female reproductive system and the stages of pregnancy. This specimen helps in understanding the development of a foetus within the uterus.

Practical Applications

By studying the uterus containing a foetus, candidates can:

  • Identify the different parts and structures of the female reproductive system.
  • Learn about the stages of embryonic development and the formation of organs.
  • Understand the concept of gestation and the changes that occur during pregnancy.

Specimen D: Longitudinal section of ovary of pride of Barbados flower

The longitudinal section of the ovary of a pride of Barbados flower is included to study the reproductive structures of plants. This specimen provides insights into the structure and function of the ovary.

Practical Applications

By examining the longitudinal section of the ovary, candidates can:

  • Identify the different parts of the flower’s reproductive system.
  • Understand the process of pollination and fertilization in plants.
  • Learn about the development of seeds and fruits.

Specimen E: Leaf of pride of Barbados flower

The leaf of the pride of Barbados flower is a significant specimen that allows candidates to study the anatomy and characteristics of plant leaves. This specimen represents the diversity of leaf structures and adaptations.

Practical Applications

By examining the leaf of the pride of Barbados flower, candidates can:

  • Identify different leaf structures and arrangements.
  • Study the adaptations of leaves for photosynthesis and transpiration.
  • Understand the role of leaves in gas exchange and nutrient transport.

Specimen F: Panicum plant/Guinea grass (whole plant)

The Panicum plant, also known as Guinea grass, is a common specimen provided for the biology examination. This specimen represents a grass plant and helps candidates understand the features and adaptations of grasses.

Practical Applications

By studying the Panicum plant, candidates can:

  • Identify the different parts of a grass plant, such as roots, stems, leaves, and flowers.
  • Study the reproductive strategies and life cycle of grasses.
  • Understand the ecological importance of grasses and their uses in agriculture and animal husbandry.

Specimen G: Cocoyam plant/Caladium plant (whole plant)

The whole plant of the cocoyam or Caladium is included as a specimen to explore the characteristics of a typical monocot plant. This specimen showcases the features of a leafy, tuberous plant.

Practical Applications

By examining the cocoyam or Caladium plant, candidates can:

  • Identify the different parts of a monocot plant, such as roots, stems, leaves, and flowers.
  • Study the adaptations of monocots for survival in various environments.
  • Understand the nutritional value and cultivation of cocoyam plants.

Specimen H: Corm of cocoyam

The corm of cocoyam is a specialized part of the cocoyam plant that serves as a storage organ. This specimen represents the underground structure and food storage adaptation of certain plants.

Practical Applications

By studying the corm of cocoyam, candidates can:

  • Identify the structure and function of corms in plants.
  • Understand the process of vegetative propagation in cocoyam plants.
  • Explore the culinary uses and nutritional value of cocoyam corms.

Specimen J: Dry humus in a beaker

Dry humus in a beaker is provided as a specimen to study the characteristics of organic matter in soil. Humus is the dark, decomposed organic material that enriches soil and provides essential nutrients for plant growth.

Practical Applications

By examining the dry humus in a beaker, candidates can:

  • Understand the composition and role of humus in soil fertility.
  • Study the decomposition process and nutrient cycling in ecosystems.
  • Learn about the importance of organic matter in soil conservation and agricultural practices.

Specimen K: Moist humus in a beaker

Moist humus in a beaker is another specimen that allows candidates to observe the properties of humus in a hydrated state. This specimen provides insights into the moisture retention capabilities of organic matter in soil.

Practical Applications

By studying the moist humus in a beaker, candidates can:

  • Examine the water-holding capacity and porosity of humus.
  • Understand the significance of humus in regulating soil moisture levels.
  • Explore the role of humus in supporting plant growth and preventing soil erosion.

Specimen L: Ripe orange fruit (whole)

The ripe orange fruit is a commonly provided specimen that represents a fleshy fruit. This specimen allows candidates to study the structure, nutritional composition, and dispersal mechanisms of fruits.

Practical Applications

By examining the ripe orange fruit, candidates can:

  • Identify the different parts of a fruit, including the exocarp, mesocarp, and endocarp.
  • Understand the process of fruit development and ripening.
  • Learn about the nutritional value and health benefits of fruits.

Specimen M: Longitudinal section of coconut fruit

The longitudinal section of a coconut fruit is included as a specimen to explore the unique characteristics of a drupe fruit. This specimen provides insights into the internal structures and adaptations of coconuts.

Practical Applications

By studying the longitudinal section of a coconut fruit, candidates can:

  • Identify the different parts of a drupe fruit, including the epicarp, mesocarp, and endocarp.
  • Understand the reproductive strategies of coconut trees.
  • Explore the various uses of coconuts in culinary, medicinal, and industrial applications.

Specimen N: Longitudinal section of fresh chili pepper fruit

The longitudinal section of a fresh chili pepper fruit is provided to study the anatomy and properties of a pungent fruit. This specimen showcases the unique characteristics and adaptations of chili peppers.

Practical Applications

By examining the longitudinal section of a fresh chili pepper fruit, candidates can:

  • Identify the different parts of a fruit, including the placenta, pericarp, and seeds.
  • Understand the chemical compounds responsible for the spiciness of chili peppers.
  • Explore the culinary uses and medicinal properties of chili peppers.

Materials provided for the examination

In addition to the biology specimens, it is essential that each candidate is provided with the following materials for the examination:

I. Hand lens/magnifying lens: To aid in the detailed observation of specimens and structures.

II. Scalpel/razor blade/knife: To facilitate the dissection of specimens and examination of internal structures.

III. Pair of forceps: To handle delicate specimens and manipulate small structures.

IV. Hand gloves: To ensure hygiene and prevent contamination during practical work.

V. Spatula: To transfer and handle small amounts of substances or specimens.

VI. Petri dish: To hold and examine specimens or perform small-scale experiments.

VII. Fehling’s solutions A and B: Chemical reagents used for testing the presence of reducing sugars.

VIII. Iodine solution: A reagent used for testing the presence of starch.

Conclusion

The biology specimens provided for the WAEC 2024 examination are of utmost importance in assessing candidates’ practical knowledge and understanding of biological concepts. Each specimen represents a different aspect of the biology curriculum and offers unique insights into the structures, adaptations, and functions of living organisms.

From the mature fresh eggs of catfish to the longitudinal sections of plant organs, these specimens provide candidates with opportunities to explore and deepen their understanding of biological principles. By studying these specimens, candidates can observe firsthand the intricate details and characteristics of various organisms, enabling them to make connections between theory and practical applications.

Furthermore, the materials provided for the examination, such as hand lenses, scalpels, forceps, and reagents, equip candidates with the necessary tools to perform accurate and precise examinations of the specimens. These materials enable candidates to engage in hands-on exploration and experimentation, fostering a deeper understanding of biological concepts.

In conclusion, the biology specimens for the WAEC 2023 examination offer candidates a valuable opportunity to apply their theoretical knowledge in a practical setting. By closely examining and studying these specimens, candidates can enhance their understanding of the diverse aspects of biology, ranging from reproductive systems to plant structures and organic matter. Through this practical examination, candidates can develop critical thinking skills, improve their scientific inquiry abilities, and ultimately excel in the field of biology.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Can I bring my own materials for the biology examination? No, it is strictly advised to use the materials provided by the examination board to ensure fairness and standardization across all candidates.

2. How can I prepare effectively for the biology examination using these specimens? To prepare effectively, review the specific characteristics and practical applications of each specimen. Practice observing and describing their structures and functions. Additionally, familiarize yourself with the provided materials and their uses.

3. Are there any specific safety precautions to follow during the examination? Yes, it is crucial to follow safety protocols when handling the specimens and materials. Wear the provided hand gloves, handle sharp instruments with caution, and dispose of specimens and materials properly after examination.

4. Will questions in the examination be solely based on these specimens? While a significant portion of the examination may focus on the specimens, it is important to have a comprehensive understanding of the broader biology curriculum, including concepts beyond the provided specimens.

5. How can I utilize the biology specimens to improve my overall performance in the examination? Engage in hands-on practice with the specimens, make detailed observations, and ask questions. Consider how the specimens relate to broader biological concepts. Connect the practical knowledge gained from the specimens with theoretical knowledge to develop a holistic understanding of biology.

7 Comments

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *